Bergen (Norwegian pronunciation:  ( listen)) (Norwegian Nynorsk and Bokmål: /ˈbærɡn̩/, /-æɾɡ-/; Norwegian Bergensk: usually /ˈbæʁɡn̩/; British English: /ˈbəːɡən/; American English: /ˈbɜɹɡn̩/, /-ɡən/) is a city and municipality on the Bergen Peninsula in Hordaland county on the west coast of Norway. The city was established before 1070 AD. Bergen is the administrative centre of Hordaland.
As of 2014 the municipal population was 277,400 making it, after Oslo, the second-most populous city in Norway. (The Greater Bergen Region population is 411,700.)
The area covered by the municipality is 465 square kilometres (180 sq mi), and it consists of eight boroughs.
The remains of the quays, Bryggen, is a World Heritage Site.
Bergen is an international centre for aquaculture, shipping, offshore petroleum industry and subsea technology, and a national centre for higher education, tourism and finance. Natives speak a distinctive dialect of Norwegian known as Bergensk. The city has an airport, a light rail system the busiest port in Norway and is the terminus of the Bergen Line;.
The city centre and northern neighbourhoods are located on the shoreline of Byfjorden fjord. Bergen is known as the city of the Seven Mountains.
By Dean Hanley
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