Team

A team comprises a group of people or other animals linked in a common purpose. Human teams are especially appropriate for conducting tasks that are high in complexity and have many interdependent subtasks.

A group does not necessarily constitute a team. Teams normally have members with complementary skills and generate synergy through a coordinated effort which allows each member to maximize their strengths and minimize their weaknesses. Naresh Jain (2009) claims:

Team members need to learn how to help one another, help other team members realize their true potential, and create an environment that allows everyone to go beyond his or her limitations. Teams can be broken down into from a huge team or one big group of people, even if these smaller secondary teams are temporary.

A team becomes more than just a collection of people when a strong sense of mutual commitment creates synergy, thus generating performance greater than the sum of the performance of its individual members.

Thus teams of game players can form (and re-form) to practise their craft/sport. Transport logistics executives can select teams of horses, dogs or oxen for the purpose of conveying passengers or goods.

Theorists in business in the late 20th century popularized the concept of constructing teams. Differing opinions exist on the efficacy of this new management fad. Some see "team" as a four-letter word: overused and under-useful. Others see it as a panacea that finally realizes the human-relations movement's desire to integrate what that movement perceives as best for workers and as best for managers. Still others believe in the effectiveness of teams, but also see them as dangerous because of the potential for exploiting workers — in that team effectiveness can rely on peer pressure and peer surveillance. However, Hackman argued that team effectiveness should not be viewed only in terms of performance. While performance is an important outcome, a truly effective team will contribute to the personal well-being and adaptive growth of its members.

Compare the more structured/skilled concept of a crew, the advantages of formal and informal partnerships, or the well-defined - but time-limited - existence of task forces.

By Dean Hanley

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$588.24
$500 after 15% discount
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Good+ - 2.5
$2,490
$1,992 after 20% discount
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Fair - 1.5
$540.00
$459 after 15% discount
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Good+ - 2.5
$1,090
$872 after 20% discount
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Fair - 1.5
$365.00
$329 after 10% discount
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Good+ - 2.5
$1,970
$1,576 after 20% discount
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Fair - 1.5
$425.00
$383 after 10% discount
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Very Good - 3
$7,970
$6,376 after 20% discount
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Good+ - 2.5
$5,890
$4,712 after 20% discount
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Good - 2
$2,880
$2,304 after 20% discount
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Fair - 1.5
$570.00
$485 after 15% discount
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Good+ - 2.5
$7,870
$6,296 after 20% discount
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Very Good - 3
$10,080
$8,064 after 20% discount
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Very Good/Excellent - 4
$1,880
$1,504 after 20% discount
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Good - 2
$1,590
$1,272 after 20% discount
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Good+ - 2.5
$2,000
$1,600 after 20% discount
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Good - 2
$1,970
$1,576 after 20% discount
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Fair - 1.5
$730.00
$621 after 15% discount
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Good+ - 2.5
$3,560
$2,848 after 20% discount
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Fair - 1.5
$440.00
$396 after 10% discount
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Good+ - 2.5
$8,530
$6,824 after 20% discount
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Good+ - 2.5
$2,840
$2,272 after 20% discount
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Very Good - 3
$3,620
$2,896 after 20% discount
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Excellent/Mint - 6
$150.00
$135 after 10% discount
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Excellent - 5
$5,000
$4,000 after 20% discount
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Excellent - 5
$730.00
$621 after 15% discount
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Near Mint - 7
$215.00
$194 after 10% discount
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Excellent/Mint - 6
$63.00
$60 after 5% discount
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Excellent - 5
$36.50
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Very Good/Excellent+ - 4.5
$32.00
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Very Good+ - 3.5
$27.00
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Good+ - 2.5
$18.00
1
Near Mint - 7
$125.00
$113 after 10% discount
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Excellent/Mint - 6
$84.00
$80 after 5% discount
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Very Good - 3
$1,010
$808 after 20% discount
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$11.00
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Good - 2
$540.00
$459 after 15% discount
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Fair - 1.5
$230.00
$207 after 10% discount
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Good+ - 2.5
$1,040
$832 after 20% discount
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Very Good+ - 3.5
$1,350
$1,080 after 20% discount
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Very Good - 3
$2,080
$1,664 after 20% discount
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Very Good - 3
$1,360
$1,088 after 20% discount
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Very Good - 3
$1,680
$1,344 after 20% discount
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Very Good+ - 3.5
$3,790
$3,032 after 20% discount
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$15.00
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Very Good - 3
$1,170
$936 after 20% discount
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Very Good - 3
$1,160
$928 after 20% discount
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$1,370
$1,096 after 20% discount
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$1,710
$1,368 after 20% discount
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Very Good+ - 3.5
$640.00
$544 after 15% discount
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$26.00
1
Good+ - 2.5
$960.00
$816 after 15% discount
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$26.00
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Good+ - 2.5
$980.00
$833 after 15% discount
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Very Good+ - 3.5
$1,390
$1,112 after 20% discount
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$12.00
53
Very Good - 3
$1,490
$1,192 after 20% discount
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$10.00
51
Very Good - 3
$940.00
$799 after 15% discount
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$12.00
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Very Good/Excellent - 4
$1,770
$1,416 after 20% discount
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$12.00
51
Very Good+ - 3.5
$2,540
$2,032 after 20% discount
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$15.00
51
Very Good+ - 3.5
$1,270
$1,016 after 20% discount
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$9.00
50
Very Good+ - 3.5
$1,970
$1,576 after 20% discount
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$12.00
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$9.00
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Very Good - 3
$1,140
$912 after 20% discount
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$12.00
50
Very Good+ - 3.5
$980.00
$833 after 15% discount
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$15.00
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$20.00
47
Very Good+ - 3.5
$2,240
$1,792 after 20% discount
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$15.00
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Good+ - 2.5
$890.00
$757 after 15% discount
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$13.00
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Very Good/Excellent - 4
$2,080
$1,664 after 20% discount
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$20.00
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Very Good - 3
$1,770
$1,416 after 20% discount
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$15.00
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Very Good - 3
$1,680
$1,344 after 20% discount
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$15.00
51
Very Good - 3
$810.00
$689 after 15% discount
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$32.00
5
Excellent/Mint - 6
$115.00
$104 after 10% discount
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Excellent - 5
$75.50
$72 after 5% discount
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Very Good/Excellent+ - 4.5
$64.50
$61 after 5% discount
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Very Good+ - 3.5
$57.00
$54 after 5% discount
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Good+ - 2.5
$39.00
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Near Mint - 7
$325.00
$293 after 10% discount
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Excellent/Mint - 6
$170.00
$153 after 10% discount
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Excellent - 5
$115.00
$104 after 10% discount
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Very Good/Excellent+ - 4.5
$120.00
$108 after 10% discount
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Very Good/Excellent - 4
$2,380
$1,904 after 20% discount
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Good - 2
$220.00
$198 after 10% discount
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Good - 2
$660.00
$561 after 15% discount
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Good - 2
$475.00
$428 after 10% discount
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$13.00
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Good - 2
$860.00
$731 after 15% discount
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Good - 2
$200.00
$180 after 10% discount
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Good - 2
$1,830
$1,464 after 20% discount
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Good - 2
$275.00
$248 after 10% discount
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$37.00
1
Good - 2
$1,090
$872 after 20% discount
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Good - 2
$480.00
$432 after 10% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$18.00
1
Good+ - 2.5
$700.00
$595 after 15% discount
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Good - 2
$320.00
$288 after 10% discount
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$47.00
1
Good - 2
$1,950
$1,560 after 20% discount
1
Fair - 1.5
$720.00
$612 after 15% discount
1

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