Team

A team comprises a group of people or other animals linked in a common purpose. Human teams are especially appropriate for conducting tasks that are high in complexity and have many interdependent subtasks.

A group does not necessarily constitute a team. Teams normally have members with complementary skills and generate synergy through a coordinated effort which allows each member to maximize their strengths and minimize their weaknesses. Naresh Jain (2009) claims:

Team members need to learn how to help one another, help other team members realize their true potential, and create an environment that allows everyone to go beyond his or her limitations. Teams can be broken down into from a huge team or one big group of people, even if these smaller secondary teams are temporary.

A team becomes more than just a collection of people when a strong sense of mutual commitment creates synergy, thus generating performance greater than the sum of the performance of its individual members.

Thus teams of game players can form (and re-form) to practise their craft/sport. Transport logistics executives can select teams of horses, dogs or oxen for the purpose of conveying passengers or goods.

Theorists in business in the late 20th century popularized the concept of constructing teams. Differing opinions exist on the efficacy of this new management fad. Some see "team" as a four-letter word: overused and under-useful. Others see it as a panacea that finally realizes the human-relations movement's desire to integrate what that movement perceives as best for workers and as best for managers. Still others believe in the effectiveness of teams, but also see them as dangerous because of the potential for exploiting workers — in that team effectiveness can rely on peer pressure and peer surveillance. However, Hackman argued that team effectiveness should not be viewed only in terms of performance. While performance is an important outcome, a truly effective team will contribute to the personal well-being and adaptive growth of its members.

Compare the more structured/skilled concept of a crew, the advantages of formal and informal partnerships, or the well-defined - but time-limited - existence of task forces.

By Dean Hanley

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Good+ - 2.5
$2,480
$1,984 after 20% discount
1
Good - 2
$590.00
$502 after 15% discount
1
Good+ - 2.5
$1,080
$864 after 20% discount
1
Fair - 1.5
$290.00
$261 after 10% discount
1
Good+ - 2.5
$1,920
$1,536 after 20% discount
1
Fair - 1.5
$470.00
$423 after 10% discount
1
Very Good - 3
$7,940
$6,352 after 20% discount
1
Very Good - 3
$6,770
$5,416 after 20% discount
1
Good - 2
$1,810
$1,448 after 20% discount
1
Fair - 1.5
$620.00
$527 after 15% discount
1
Good+ - 2.5
$8,050
$6,440 after 20% discount
1
Good+ - 2.5
$3,080
$2,464 after 20% discount
1
Very Good+ - 3.5
$1,820
$1,456 after 20% discount
1
Good - 2
$1,420
$1,136 after 20% discount
1
Fair - 1.5
$570.00
$485 after 15% discount
1
Very Good - 3
$2,190
$1,752 after 20% discount
1
Good+ - 2.5
$2,110
$1,688 after 20% discount
1
Fair - 1.5
$720.00
$612 after 15% discount
1
Very Good+ - 3.5
$7,030
$5,624 after 20% discount
1
Fair - 1.5
$430.00
$387 after 10% discount
1
Good+ - 2.5
$8,140
$6,512 after 20% discount
1
Good - 2
$2,680
$2,144 after 20% discount
1
Very Good - 3
$4,060
$3,248 after 20% discount
1
Excellent/Mint - 6
$110.00
$99 after 10% discount
1
Excellent - 5
$5,000
$4,000 after 20% discount
1
Excellent+ - 5.5
$750.00
$638 after 15% discount
1
Near Mint - 7
$210.00
$189 after 10% discount
1
Excellent/Mint - 6
$60.50
$57 after 5% discount
1
Excellent - 5
$36.50
1
Very Good/Excellent+ - 4.5
$33.00
1
Very Good+ - 3.5
$27.50
1
Good+ - 2.5
$18.00
1
Near Mint - 7
$125.00
$113 after 10% discount
1
Excellent/Mint - 6
$83.50
$79 after 5% discount
1
Very Good+ - 3.5
$1,000.00
$800 after 20% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$11.00
1
Very Good+ - 3.5
$670.00
$570 after 15% discount
1
Very Good+ - 3.5
$920.00
$782 after 15% discount
1
Very Good/Excellent - 4
$1,160
$928 after 20% discount
1
Very Good+ - 3.5
$1,910
$1,528 after 20% discount
1
Very Good+ - 3.5
$1,300
$1,040 after 20% discount
1
Very Good+ - 3.5
$2,020
$1,616 after 20% discount
1
Very Good+ - 3.5
$3,480
$2,784 after 20% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$15.00
1
Very Good+ - 3.5
$1,170
$936 after 20% discount
1
Very Good/Excellent - 4
$1,290
$1,032 after 20% discount
1
Very Good/Excellent - 4
$1,580
$1,264 after 20% discount
1
Very Good/Excellent - 4
$1,580
$1,264 after 20% discount
1
Very Good/Excellent - 4
$510.00
$434 after 15% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$26.00
1
Very Good/Excellent - 4
$1,220
$976 after 20% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$26.00
1
Very Good+ - 3.5
$620.00
$527 after 15% discount
1
Very Good/Excellent - 4
$1,900
$1,520 after 20% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$12.00
6
Very Good - 3
$1,250
$1,000 after 20% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$10.00
6
Very Good - 3
$930.00
$791 after 15% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$12.00
6
Very Good+ - 3.5
$465.00
$419 after 10% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$12.00
6
Very Good+ - 3.5
$2,420
$1,936 after 20% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$15.00
6
Very Good+ - 3.5
$1,260
$1,008 after 20% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$9.00
6
Very Good+ - 3.5
$1,530
$1,224 after 20% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$12.00
6
Very Good/Excellent+ - 4.5
$2,540
$2,032 after 20% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$9.00
6
Very Good - 3
$1,130
$904 after 20% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$12.00
6
Very Good+ - 3.5
$980.00
$833 after 15% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$15.00
6
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$20.00
6
Very Good+ - 3.5
$2,180
$1,744 after 20% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$15.00
6
Good+ - 2.5
$890.00
$757 after 15% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$13.00
6
Very Good/Excellent - 4
$2,080
$1,664 after 20% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$20.00
6
Very Good - 3
$1,670
$1,336 after 20% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$15.00
6
Very Good - 3
$1,650
$1,320 after 20% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$15.00
6
Very Good - 3
$790.00
$672 after 15% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$19.00
5
Excellent/Mint - 6
$115.00
$104 after 10% discount
1
Excellent - 5
$66.50
$63 after 5% discount
1
Very Good/Excellent+ - 4.5
$60.00
$57 after 5% discount
1
Very Good+ - 3.5
$54.00
$51 after 5% discount
1
Good+ - 2.5
$38.00
1
Near Mint - 7
$320.00
$288 after 10% discount
1
Excellent/Mint - 6
$160.00
$144 after 10% discount
1
Excellent - 5
$105.00
$95 after 10% discount
1
Very Good/Excellent+ - 4.5
$115.00
$104 after 10% discount
1
Very Good/Excellent - 4
$2,380
$1,904 after 20% discount
1
Good - 2
$220.00
$198 after 10% discount
1
Good - 2
$650.00
$553 after 15% discount
1
Good - 2
$490.00
$441 after 10% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$13.00
1
Good - 2
$820.00
$697 after 15% discount
1
Good - 2
$200.00
$180 after 10% discount
1
Good - 2
$1,780
$1,424 after 20% discount
1
Good - 2
$265.00
$239 after 10% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$37.00
1
Good - 2
$1,150
$920 after 20% discount
1
Good - 2
$470.00
$423 after 10% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$18.00
1
Very Good - 3
$890.00
$757 after 15% discount
1
Good - 2
$325.00
$293 after 10% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$47.00
1
Very Good - 3
$2,450
$1,960 after 20% discount
1
Fair - 1.5
$740.00
$629 after 15% discount
1

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