Team

A team comprises a group of people or other animals linked in a common purpose. Human teams are especially appropriate for conducting tasks that are high in complexity and have many interdependent subtasks.

A group does not necessarily constitute a team. Teams normally have members with complementary skills and generate synergy through a coordinated effort which allows each member to maximize their strengths and minimize their weaknesses. Naresh Jain (2009) claims:

Team members need to learn how to help one another, help other team members realize their true potential, and create an environment that allows everyone to go beyond his or her limitations. Teams can be broken down into from a huge team or one big group of people, even if these smaller secondary teams are temporary.

A team becomes more than just a collection of people when a strong sense of mutual commitment creates synergy, thus generating performance greater than the sum of the performance of its individual members.

Thus teams of game players can form (and re-form) to practise their craft/sport. Transport logistics executives can select teams of horses, dogs or oxen for the purpose of conveying passengers or goods.

Theorists in business in the late 20th century popularized the concept of constructing teams. Differing opinions exist on the efficacy of this new management fad. Some see "team" as a four-letter word: overused and under-useful. Others see it as a panacea that finally realizes the human-relations movement's desire to integrate what that movement perceives as best for workers and as best for managers. Still others believe in the effectiveness of teams, but also see them as dangerous because of the potential for exploiting workers — in that team effectiveness can rely on peer pressure and peer surveillance. However, Hackman argued that team effectiveness should not be viewed only in terms of performance. While performance is an important outcome, a truly effective team will contribute to the personal well-being and adaptive growth of its members.

Compare the more structured/skilled concept of a crew, the advantages of formal and informal partnerships, or the well-defined - but time-limited - existence of task forces.

By Dean Hanley

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$110.00
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Very Good - 3
$2,740
$2,192 after 20% discount
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Good+ - 2.5
$2,450
$1,960 after 20% discount
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$830.00
$706 after 15% discount
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Good - 2
$680.00
$578 after 15% discount
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$1,830
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$1,600
$1,280 after 20% discount
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Good - 2
$450.00
$405 after 10% discount
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$2,010
$1,608 after 20% discount
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Good+ - 2.5
$1,580
$1,264 after 20% discount
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$850.00
$723 after 15% discount
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Good - 2
$750.00
$638 after 15% discount
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Very Good - 3
$1,840
$1,472 after 20% discount
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Good - 2
$1,100
$880 after 20% discount
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Good - 2
$650.00
$553 after 15% discount
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Very Good - 3
$3,760
$3,008 after 20% discount
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Good+ - 2.5
$2,850
$2,280 after 20% discount
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Fair - 1.5
$700.00
$595 after 15% discount
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Very Good - 3
$5,040
$4,032 after 20% discount
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Good - 2
$3,510
$2,808 after 20% discount
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Fair - 1.5
$1,150
$920 after 20% discount
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Very Good - 3
$1,520
$1,216 after 20% discount
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Good - 2
$960.00
$816 after 15% discount
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Fair - 1.5
$310.00
$279 after 10% discount
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Very Good - 3
$1,890
$1,512 after 20% discount
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Good - 2
$1,100
$880 after 20% discount
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Good - 2
$510.00
$434 after 15% discount
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Very Good - 3
$3,060
$2,448 after 20% discount
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Good+ - 2.5
$2,550
$2,040 after 20% discount
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Very Good - 3
$2,420
$1,936 after 20% discount
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Good - 2
$1,450
$1,160 after 20% discount
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Fair - 1.5
$960.00
$816 after 15% discount
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Good - 2
$510.00
$434 after 15% discount
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Very Good - 3
$9,040
$7,232 after 20% discount
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Good - 2
$630.00
$536 after 15% discount
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$1,000.00
$800 after 20% discount
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Good - 2
$960.00
$816 after 15% discount
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Very Good - 3
$3,220
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Good - 2
$2,340
$1,872 after 20% discount
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Good - 2
$630.00
$536 after 15% discount
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Very Good - 3
$110.00
$99 after 10% discount
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Excellent/Mint - 6
$80.00
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$300.00
$270 after 10% discount
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Excellent/Mint - 6
$3,280
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Excellent+ - 5.5
$2,760
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Excellent - 5
$620.00
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Near Mint - 7
$185.00
$167 after 10% discount
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Excellent/Mint - 6
$69.00
$66 after 5% discount
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Excellent - 5
$30.50
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Very Good/Excellent - 4
$21.00
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Very Good+ - 3.5
$21.00
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$10.00
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$20.00
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$32.50
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$1.95
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Good - 2
$530.00
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$15.00
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$19.50
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$18.00
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Very Good+ - 3.5
$1,590
$1,272 after 20% discount
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Good+ - 2.5
$870.00
$740 after 15% discount
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$12.00
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$10.00
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$12.00
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Very Good+ - 3.5
$2,520
$2,016 after 20% discount
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Good+ - 2.5
$1,320
$1,056 after 20% discount
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$12.00
6
Very Good+ - 3.5
$1,170
$936 after 20% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$15.00
6
Very Good+ - 3.5
$1,250
$1,000 after 20% discount
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$9.00
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Very Good+ - 3.5
$960.00
$816 after 15% discount
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$12.00
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Very Good+ - 3.5
$1,460
$1,168 after 20% discount
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$9.00
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$12.00
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$15.00
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1912 World Series Champs!
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Very Good - 3
$3,210
$2,568 after 20% discount
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$20.00
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$750.00
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Good+ - 2.5
$650.00
$553 after 15% discount
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$15.00
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Very Good - 3
$640.00
$544 after 15% discount
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$13.00
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$1,450
$1,160 after 20% discount
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$20.00
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$15.00
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Very Good - 3
$770.00
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Good+ - 2.5
$465.00
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$15.00
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$15.00
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$48.00
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Good+ - 2.5
$36.00
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$300.00
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Excellent/Mint - 6
$135.00
$122 after 10% discount
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Excellent - 5
$85.50
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$70.50
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$85.50
$81 after 5% discount
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Good+ - 2.5
$78.50
$75 after 5% discount
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$25.00
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Excellent+ - 5.5
$3,540
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Very Good/Excellent+ - 4.5
$2,470
$1,976 after 20% discount
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$1,360
$1,088 after 20% discount
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Good - 2
$1,020
$816 after 20% discount
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Good - 2
$285.00
$257 after 10% discount
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Very Good - 3
$1,160
$928 after 20% discount
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Good - 2
$630.00
$536 after 15% discount
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Very Good - 3
$475.00
$428 after 10% discount
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Good - 2
$510.00
$434 after 15% discount
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$11.50
1
Very Good/Excellent+ - 4.5
$2,740
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Very Good - 3
$410.00
$369 after 10% discount
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Good - 2
$170.00
$153 after 10% discount
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Near Mint/Mint - 8
$9.25
1
Excellent - 5
$6,770
$5,416 after 20% discount
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Very Good/Excellent+ - 4.5
$5,900
$4,720 after 20% discount
1
Very Good - 3
$3,270
$2,616 after 20% discount
1
Good+ - 2.5
$2,480
$1,984 after 20% discount
1
Good - 2
$245.00
$221 after 10% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$16.50
1
Very Good/Excellent - 4
$2,850
$2,280 after 20% discount
1
Very Good - 3
$1,870
$1,496 after 20% discount
1
Good - 2
$1,260
$1,008 after 20% discount
1
Good - 2
$445.00
$401 after 10% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$19.50
1
Excellent - 5
$2,960
$2,368 after 20% discount
1
Very Good/Excellent+ - 4.5
$2,650
$2,120 after 20% discount
1
Very Good - 3
$1,920
$1,536 after 20% discount
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Fair - 1.5
$330.00
$297 after 10% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$14.00
1
Very Good - 3
$3,930
$3,144 after 20% discount
1
Good - 2
$2,910
$2,328 after 20% discount
1
Good - 2
$710.00
$604 after 15% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$29.50
1
Very Good/Excellent - 4
$1,300
$1,040 after 20% discount
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Very Good - 3
$740.00
$629 after 15% discount
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Good - 2
$340.00
$306 after 10% discount
1
Good - 2
$270.00
$243 after 10% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$10.50
1
Very Good/Excellent - 4
$1,560
$1,248 after 20% discount
1
Very Good - 3
$1,100
$880 after 20% discount
1
Good - 2
$630.00
$536 after 15% discount
1
Good - 2
$340.00
$306 after 10% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$8.00
1
Very Good - 3
$2,270
$1,816 after 20% discount
1
Good+ - 2.5
$1,750
$1,400 after 20% discount
1
Good - 2
$265.00
$239 after 10% discount
1
Near Mint/Mint - 8
$20.00
1

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